Heart Valve Diseases

Heart Valve Diseases

What is Heart Valve Disease?

The heart is a vital organ consisting of 4 valves. heart valves; It is called mitral, aortic, tricuspid, pulmonary valve. Heart valve diseases develop with the deterioration in the function of the heart valves. Severe symptoms such as shortness of breath may occur as a result of the lids being too open or closed. Detection of heart diseases at an early stage is vitally important. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a cardiologist, taking into account the symptoms.

In the Cardiology Department of our hospital, we diagnose heart diseases at an early stage with detailed heart examinations. With our high-tech devices, we perform all tests such as exercise test (exertion EKG), rhythm holter, blood pressure holter, echocardiography (ECO), myocardial perfusion scintigraphy.

Heart Valve Disease Symptoms

The symptoms of heart valve diseases may vary depending on which valves have problems. In the early stages of the disease, the symptoms can be seen very often, and in some patients they are almost not seen. As the disease progresses, it negatively affects the quality of life and causes serious symptoms. In general, the symptoms of heart valve diseases can be listed as follows;

  • Weakness
  • Palpitation
  • Don't get tired easily
  • Shortness of breath
  • heartache
  • rhythm disturbances

What Causes Heart Valve Diseases?

Heart valve diseases can be congenital or can develop later. Congenital heart valve diseases can be seen as a result of many factors such as the inability of the baby to complete its normal development in the womb, exposure of the baby to radiation during pregnancy, and consanguineous marriages. Conditions such as rheumatic fever, hypertension, and unhealthy living conditions may be factors in later developing heart valve diseases.

Heart Valve Disease Diagnostic Methods

It is possible to diagnose heart valve diseases in a short time with detailed examinations made as a result of the patient's history. Heart diseases can be suspected by simple methods such as hearing a murmur while listening to the heart during the examination. A clear diagnosis can be made by performing detailed examinations such as ECG, ECO, and rhythm holter in line with doubts. The most commonly used heart disease diagnosis methods can be briefly listed as follows;

  • Electrocardiography (ECG)
  • Echocardiography (ECO)
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy
  • Heart Catheterization

Heart Valve Diseases Treatment

Heart valve disease treatment is usually done by repairing or replacing the heart valves. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment process will be.

Heart Valve Repair
With valve repair, better closure of open heart valves can be achieved. In the same way, the closed heart valves can also be separated. Narrowed heart valves can be treated with a method called "balloon valvuloplasty." With an application similar to angiography, a catheter with a balloon at the end (a thin tube) is advanced to the level of the narrowed valve. At this stage, the balloon is inflated and the narrowed valve is expanded.

Heart Valve Replacement
Some covers are not suitable for repair and replacement is required. For example; The aortic and pulmonary valve often require replacement, while mitral valves can be repaired more often. Biological or mechanical valves can be used during valve replacement.

Transcatheter Valve Treatment
Transcatheter Aortic Valve (TAVI) replacement is a method applied to patients who are found to be risky to have open heart surgery and who cannot be anesthetized. Thanks to this method, which has taken its place in the field of interventional cardiology, the aortic heart valve can be replaced using a catheter.

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